The Chinese are to blame for this Wuhan coronavirus pandemic. Their containment methods were laughable, their officials refused to inform the public, and people died. They allowed Wuhan to celebrate Chinese New Year, exposing potentially tens of thousands to the disease.
Some five million left the city before they enacted a quarantine. It was on Dec. Thinking she was getting a cold, she walked to a small local clinic to get some treatment and then went back to work. Eight days later, the year-old was barely conscious in a hospital bed, one of the first suspected cases in a coronavirus epidemic that has paralyzed China and gripped the global economy. The virus has spread around the world and sickened more thanFor almost three weeks, doctors struggled to connect the dots between Ms.
Patient after patient reported similar symptoms, but many, like her, visited small, poorly resourced clinics and hospitals. Some patients balked at paying for chest scans; others, including Ms. Wei, refused to be transferred to bigger facilities that were better-equipped to identify infectious diseases. Wei and others like her and raised the alarm to their superiors. But they were prevented by Chinese authorities from alerting their peers, let alone the public. And now, there are reports that Chinese scientists destroyed evidence about the virus back in December via The Times UK :.
Chinese laboratories identified a mystery virus as a highly infectious new pathogen by late December last year, but they were ordered to stop tests, destroy samples and suppress the news, a Chinese media outlet has revealed. A regional health official in Wuhan, centre of the outbreak, demanded the destruction of the lab samples that established the cause of unexplained viral pneumonia on January 1. China did not acknowledge there was human-to-human transmission until more than three weeks later.
The detailed revelations by Caixin Global, a respected independent publication, provide the clearest evidence yet of the scale of the cover-up in the crucial early weeks when the opportunity was lost to control the outbreak.Dask numba
Censors have been rapidly deleting the report from the Chinese internet. One doctor in Wuhan tried to raise the red flags about this virus in December and the state came down on her via Business Insider :. A Wuhan doctor said she wishes she could rewind the clock to December when she first sounded the alarm about a new pneumonia-like virus — only to back away after being reprimanded by Chinese officials.
Ai Fen, director of Wuhan Central Hospital's emergency department, told Chinese magazine People that a colleague sent her a diagnostic report in late December of a worrying infection that mirrored severe acute respiratory syndrome SARSaccording to the South China Morning Post. Ai shared a picture of the report on a WeChat group on December 30, and then its members circulated that photo more widely.
A law enforcement official visited the hospital on January 12, Caixin reported, and told medical staff that the infectious disease forms could only be completed and submitted with guidance from experts at the city and provincial levels.
The next day, Wang Wenyong, who leads infectious disease control at Wuhan's Jianghan district disease control center, told Wuhan Central hospital to alter a suspected coronavirus report to say that patients were suffering from other illnesses.
The Chinese knew. They tried to arrogantly suffocate this news with a pillow.
Evidence of prolonged COVID-19 virus shedding noted in China
They kept medical staff in the dark. They strong-armed doctors who tried to save lives and do the right thing. Like all authoritarian governments, disasters of this scale cannot be allowed to happen.Also, a study in the same journal found that third-generation transmission of the COVID epidemic likely began on Jan 17 to 20 in Wuhan, then spread to the rest of Hubei province from Jan 23 to 24, while the mixed first- and second-generation transmissions interacted to worsen the outbreak.
In the first study, researchers studied the clinical factors, lab results, treatments, and outcomes of adult COVID patients in a single hospital in Changsha, China, the capital of Hunan province, which is adjacent to Hubei province.
Fever at hospital admission odds ratio [OR], 5. Median time from symptom onset to admission was 6 days interquartile range, 3 to Length of viral RNA shedding ranged from 6 to 47 days.
No patients required advanced respiratory support or died. Age, sex, body mass index BMIhistory of exposure, and underlying illnesses were not significantly different between 82 patients who shed virus RNA for less than 17 days and the 65 who shed virus RNA longer than that. The viral load in patients who shed virus RNA for less than 17 days was undetectable for 15 of 30 patients 12 days after symptom onset, while it took 22 days for the viral load in 16 of 31 patients with prolonged shedding to clear the virus RNA.
Median BMI was Patients with prolonged shedding also had significantly lower arterial oxygenation and higher iron levels than other patients. The authors said that the identified risk factors for prolonged viral shedding should be considered when formulating strategies for quarantine and called for a large, multicenter study to further explore these factors.
In the second studyresearchers using space-time data from COVID cases in mainland China and mobile device data detected no third-generation spread of the novel coronavirus outside of Hubei. First-generation, or primary, disease transmission was reflected in movement from the Wuhan seafood market, and second-generation, or secondary, transmission was reflected in travel from Wuhan city to elsewhere in Hubei.
Third-generation, or tertiary, transmission is usually caused by local rather than imported cases. The outbreak spread rapidly over the next 3 or 4 days, despite strict transportation screening procedures implemented in many cities. First- and second-generation spread occurred at the same time in many cities early in the epidemic, enhancing the spread. The authors said their findings provide a clearer picture of the effect of human movement on epidemic transmission and identify important current and future containment measures.
They proposed control measures of different levels could vary by location and time in different areas, with cities with third-generation transmission enacting the strictest controls on both those in quarantine and exported cases, and cities with simultaneous first- and second-generation transmission focusing on those in quarantine and imported cases.
Other cities could focus on controlling imported cases. Grant support for ASP provided by. All rights reserved.
The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Skip to main content. University of Minnesota. Driven to Discover. Site Search.China on Wednesday ended its lockdown of Wuhanthe city where the coronavirus first emerged and a potent symbol in a pandemic that has killed tens of thousands of peopleshaken the global economy and thrown daily life into upheaval across the planet. But the city that has reopened after more than 10 weeks is a profoundly damaged one, a place whose recovery will be watched worldwide for lessons on how populations move past pain and calamity of such staggering magnitude.
In Wuhansickness and death have touched hundreds of thousands of lives, imprinting them with trauma that could linger for decades. Businesses, even those that have reopened, face a wrenching road aheadwith sluggishness likely to persist. Some 1. The contagion has slowed in hard-hit countries like Italy and Spain, but it continues to spread quickly elsewhere around the globe, including in the United States, which is approachingknown infections.
News reports are filled with scenes of overflowing hospitals in New York City, uncollected bodies on streets in Ecuador, updates on the condition of Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain, who is hospitalized in intensive care, and expert warnings that the epidemic could be exploding, undetected, in the poorest parts of the world. Most of Europe, India, much of the United States and many other places are under orders for businesses to close and most people to stay at home, abruptly crippling economies and throwing millions of people out of work.
The full measure of the sacrifice that such policies entail — in jobs and income lost, in lives disrupted — might first be taken in Wuhan. Controls on outbound travel were officially lifted just after midnight in China. People can now leave after presenting to the authorities a government-sanctioned phone app that indicates — based on their home addresses, recent travels and medical histories — whether they are contagion risks.
Footage from state-run news outlets early Wednesday showed a rush of cars traveling through toll stations on the outskirts of Wuhan immediately after the restrictions were lifted. Within the city, however, tough rules on individuals and businesses are still in place to prevent the virus from regaining a foothold. Officials continue to urge everyone to stay at home as much as possible. Schools are still closed.
Many people in Wuhan do not need to be told to keep isolating themselves, to say nothing about leaving the city. The experience of death and near-death has left psychic wounds. Right before their eyes, one by one, they left us. Wuhan is already not the same metropolis where, not so long ago, the passage of time seemed to have ground to a halt. In recent days, more shops have reopened, often setting up street-front counters so that customers can buy vegetables, alcohol, cigarettes and other goods without entering.
In parks along the Yangtze River, growing numbers of families have ventured out to take in the sunshine and fresh air. Older residents have started congregating again in small groups to chat or play rounds of Chinese chess. Children are a rarer sight, and always appear to be under the wary watch of parents.
Public buses and the subway system have restarted, although they often seem to have few passengers. Mountains of cardboard boxes have sprouted up outside apartment complexes as online shopping picks up. According to JD.
Wuhan Has Reopened After a Brutal Coronavirus Lockdown. But Is China Ready?
And more people are treating themselves, the company said: They have shifted from buying daily necessities and home fitness equipment to buying clothing, cosmetics and travel accessories. Companies in Wuhan have been cautiously calling their employees back to work, contributing to the revival of city life. For major industrial enterprises, the rate exceeded 97 percent. For service companies, it was 93 percent. It is unclear how much business they are actually doing, however.
At industrial companies in Wuhan, only 60 percent of employees are on the job, and electricity consumption is one-fifth less than what it was this time last year, said Dang Zhen, another city official, at the same briefing. Hu said. Yet gloom about the local economy remains widespread.Wuhan, the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak in Chinahas revised upwards the number of confirmed coronavirus cases and deaths in the city after "a city-wide investigation," state media reported.
The Wuhan government said total confirmed infections in the city have been revised to 50, as of Thursday, an increase of cases, while the cumulative number of deaths is now 3, — 1, more than its previous count, according to CNBC's translation of a Chinese language report by Xinhua News Agency.
Xinhua posted a notice from the Wuhan government, which listed four explanations for the discrepancy in the city's data. First, the notice said a surge of patients in the early stage of the outbreak caused a shortage of medical resources and inadequacy in the city's treatment capacity.
That resulted in some patients dying at home. In addition, hospitals were overwhelmed, which resulted in delayed, missing or erroneous reporting of cases and deaths, according to the notice. It also said given the vast network of health-care institutions involved in treating patients with the coronavirus, some failed to provide timely updates about the cases they were handling.
Finally, registration of some deaths was either repeated or misreported, according to the notice. Sign up for free newsletters and get more CNBC delivered to your inbox. Get this delivered to your inbox, and more info about our products and services. All Rights Reserved. Data also provided by.Thoudam suraj
Skip Navigation. Markets Pre-Markets U. Key Points. Wuhan, the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak in China, has revised upwards the numbers of confirmed coronavirus cases and deaths in the city after "a city-wide investigation," reported state media Xinhua. The Wuhan government said total confirmed infections in the city have been revised upwards by to 50, while there are now 1, more deaths totaling 3, according to the report.
The city government provided four explanations for the discrepancy in data, which include incomplete registration of deaths and delayed reporting by medical institutions. VIDEO Related Tags. News Tips Got a confidential news tip? We want to hear from you. Get In Touch. CNBC Newsletters.
On Sunday, Chinese authorities reclassified Shulan, a city near the Russian and North Korean borders, as high risk, after a cluster of cases connected to a woman with no known history of travel or exposure to the virus.
It came just a week after China designated all regions in the country as low or medium risk. Five locally transmitted cases were in three provinces which border Russia or North Korea — three in Jilin, and one each in Heilongjiang and Liaoning.
Students in their final year of middle or senior high school will return to online learning, it said. No taxis can leave the city, and all public transport has been suspended. Jilin provincial health commission said it originated with a year-old woman who has no residential or travel history outside the province, and no known contact history with people returning from overseas or key provinces.
In recent weeks China has enacted border closures and social restrictions on areas bordering Russia, including Suifenhein the east of Heilongjiang province, after some people returning to China via land borders were diagnosed with Covid According to a local government WeChat account, on 2 May Shulan health authorities said that in the last three weeks of April, Shulan residents had returned from Russia via Suifenhe and Manzhouli ports.
The new cases, all local transmissions, were among 17 new cases nationwide, the highest in almost two weeks. Authorities in Wuhan imposed draconian restrictions on travel and movement in what appeared to have been a successful bid to quash the outbreak.
That lockdown began to ease in recent weeks, as authorities said the disease was under control, most recently with children returning to school, and travel to and from the city allowed. On Chinese social media the quick rise in cases sparked concern. Come on, Wuhan. Additional reporting by Lillian Yang. Topics China. Coronavirus outbreak Asia Pacific news.Dove logo
Reuse this content. Most popular.These are external links and will open in a new window. New coronavirus clusters have been reported in Wuhan city - where the virus first emerged - and the north-eastern province of Jilin in China.
Wuhan reported five new cases on Monday, after confirming its first case since 3 April on Sunday. Health authorities and experts have warned that as countries emerge from strict lockdowns and people move around more freely, a rise in infections is likely. The small Wuhan cluster is the first to emerge since the end of the strict lockdown on 8 April. One of the five cases reported on Monday was the wife of an year-old man who became the first confirmed case in the city in well over a month on Sunday.
All of the latest cases were previously classified as asymptomatic - meaning they tested positive for the virus but were not exhibiting clinical signs such as a cough or fever. Such people can spread the virus despite not being sick, but China does not count asymptomatic cases in its official tally of confirmed infections until they show symptoms. Meanwhile over the weekend, Shulan city in Jilin province, near the borders with Russia and North Korea, reported 11 new cases. Chinese state media reported that 11 domestically transmitted cases had been recorded in Shulan on Saturday.
A day later, the city declared martial law and went into lockdown, with the government ordering all public places to be temporarily shut, said a Global Times report. All residents have been told to stay home and only one family member is allowed out each day to buy essential products. It comes after China had last week declared that all regions in the country were designated as low risk.
Nearby Jilin city has also upgraded its risk level from low to medium after seeing two new cases - and there are now fears that the wider province could be in danger. Other cities in the province are now on high alert. The nearby Changchun city and Dongfeng county says all those returning from Shulan will have to be quarantined for 14 days. Train services from Shulan to several cities have also been suspended. The neighbouring province of Liaoning reported one new case on Sunday - a year-old who had recently returned from Jilin.
The infections were all linked to a year-old who is a laundry worker at a local public security bureau. She later went on to infect her husband, three sisters and other family members. But it's unclear how the woman herself might have become infected. Reports say she had no recent travel history outside the province, and no known contact with anyone that's known to be exposed to the virus.
A total of of her close contacts have been placed in quarantine, reported China Daily. But it's possible that the location of the province might have played a part - it borders both North Korea and Russia. Officially, there have been no reported cases from North Korea though Russia has seen overcases, according to data from Johns Hopkins University.
In recent weeks, the neighbouring border province of Heilongjiang has seen a spike in the number of imported cases, mainly made of Chinese citizens travelling back from Russia.
Similarly, eight people returning from Russia to Shulan between 8 - 30 April tested positive for the virus, according to one local government official.Instead, passengers were met on the platform by weary officials in hazmat suitswho quickly hustled the new arrivals toward a battery of health tests before allowing them into the cavernous terminal.
On March 24, after no new local infections were recorded for several days running, officials announced plans to end the measure. But many across China fear that the political considerations that allowed the coronavirus to take hold in the first place could play out once again as officials try to jumpstart business and project the image that they have all but beaten the disease. The figure is much disputed. Independent estimates, based on the number of urns distributed when the bereaved began collecting the ashes of loved ones from funeral homes from Mar.
In Wuhan itself, life will take a long time to return to anything approaching normalcy. At Huanan Seafood Marketdeemed the source of the outbreakstalls remained shuttered and passers-by complain that the stench of rotten shellfish lingers.
Many businesses remain closed and strict internal travel restrictions persist. Hastily erected fences still flank housing compounds, and only people able to display a green health code on their mobile phones are allowed to access them. Schools and universities remain closed and many apartment blocks will implement their own quarantines and curfews for another month at least.Coronavirus Weekly: Wuhan Death Toll Jumps; NY Extends Lockdown; China GDP Takes Historic Plunge
Those who manage to leave the city will likely face the opposite problem. In many parts of the country, residential committees—the neighborhood eyes and ears of the Chinese Communist Party CCP —are insisting upon an additional 14 days quarantine. Keep up to date on the growing threat to global health by signing up for our daily coronavirus newsletter.Bootstrap grid download
But many Chinese are fearful that loosening travel curbs may seed new infection clusters. A large number of people will also be returning to Wuhan to pick up their lives. Those who return will face an uncertain future. Yet first quarter economic data from the Wuhan Bureau of Statistics reveals industrial investments in Wuhan contracted In attempting to boost the economy, officials may again be tempted to revert to the habits that led them to downplay the severity of the initial outbreak.
China Ends Wuhan Lockdown, but Normal Life Is a Distant Dream
But the meeting also stressed the imperative of getting China back to work. In turn, CCP propaganda has highlighted the fact that the majority of new infections are imported.
The fear is that, despite the official warnings, economic imperatives will eclipse public health ones. George Goodwina biology teacher in Wuhan from Reno, Nev.
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